International Journal of Trichology

CASE REPORT
Year
: 2016  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 35--37

Concentric polycyclic regrowth pattern in alopecia areata


Lilian Mathias Delorenze, Maria Fernanada Reis Gavazzoni-Dias, Marcelo S Teixeira, Marcia Kalil Aide 
 Department of Dermatology, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brasil

Correspondence Address:
Lilian Mathias Delorenze
Rua Marquês de Paraná 303 - Niterói - RJ, 24033-900
Brasil

Abstract

Alopecia areata (AA) is a common form of autoimmune nonscarring hair loss of scalp and/or body. Atypical hair regrowth in AA is considered a rare phenomenon. It includes atypical pattern of hair growth (sudden graying, perinevoid alopecia, Renbok phenomenon, castling phenomenon, and concentric or targetoid regrowth) and atypical dark color hair regrowth. We report a case of AA that resulted in a concentric targetoid hair regrowth and discuss the possible related theories regarding the significance of this phenomenon.



How to cite this article:
Delorenze LM, Gavazzoni-Dias MF, Teixeira MS, Aide MK. Concentric polycyclic regrowth pattern in alopecia areata.Int J Trichol 2016;8:35-37


How to cite this URL:
Delorenze LM, Gavazzoni-Dias MF, Teixeira MS, Aide MK. Concentric polycyclic regrowth pattern in alopecia areata. Int J Trichol [serial online] 2016 [cited 2022 Dec 9 ];8:35-37
Available from: https://www.ijtrichology.com/text.asp?2016/8/1/35/179397


Full Text

 Introduction



ALopecia areata (AA) is a complex genetic, immune-mediated disease that targets anagen hair follicles [1] of the hair-bearing areas of the body.[2],[3] Atypical hair regrowth in AA is considered a rare phenomenon.[4]

We show a case of AA treated with intralesional corticosteroid with an unusual concentric targetoid hair regrowth pattern (THRP).

 Case Report



A 28-year-old male presented a 1-year history of hair loss in the beard and scalp. He was previously treated with intralesional corticosteroid. Examination revealed a single patch of alopecia on the scalp, with polycyclic aspect [Figure 1] consisting of central zone (A), intermediate zone (B), and peripheral zone (C). Zone A showed an area of thinning white hair, exclamation mark hair, and broken hair [Figure 2]a. The zone B showed healthy brown-colored hair [Figure 2]b. Zone C showed an area white hair, exclamation mark hair, and broken hair [Figure 2]c.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}

 Discussion



Hair recovery in AA usually occurs as a uniform process with thin white hair emergingfirst, followed by healthy hair. However, some authors have described atypical patterns of hair growth [Table 1].[4],[5],[6] THRP in AA wasfirst described by Orecchia and Rabbiosi in 1988.[7] El-Dars et al. also described a THRP in a patient with AA treated with topical corticosteroid gel.[8] Del Río described a patient treated with intradermal triamcinolone for AA and developed a THRP.[9] The THRP was also described by Tan and Delaney in eight patients as a possible result of the centrifugal accumulation of the corticosteroid cream.[10] Priego-Recio et al. described paradoxical hair regrowth forms in 1.84% of the patients and the most frequent forms were THRP (43%) and castling phenomenon (43%).[4] Ramot et al. reported atypical regrowth of black hair in two red-haired patients.[6]{Table 1}

A theory proposed in 1968 by Eckert et al. claims that AA occurs as an earthquake, beginning in an epicenter and expanding peripherally in a waveline manner. According to Eckert et al., an anagen/telogen wave enlarges from a core marginally expanding the alopecia.[11]

The theories of the anagen/telogen wave and the possible corticosteroid accumulation effect are not fully understood.[7],[8],[9]

Recently, Li and Sinclair measured the hairs plucked from the alopecia patch and discussed the anagen wave theory: Initially, a single hair in telogen is triggered to enter anagen and at the same time communicates with its immediate neighbor a signal for that hair to enter anagen. The initial regrowth signal is communicated to all the hairs within the patch of alopecia in a domino fashion.[12]

 Conclusions



Atypical hair regrowth in AA is considered a rare phenomenon but is possibly overlooked in the dermatologic literature.

Our patient presented the THRP, revealing the so-called anagen wave possibly due to a hair follicle signaling that allows follicles to communicate and follows a pattern of anagen growth, as suggested by Li and Sinclair.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

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