International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 9-16

A clinico-trichological study of female androgenetic alopecia

1 Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha, Maharashtra, India
2 All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Isha Verma
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Sawangi Meghe, Wardha - 442 001, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijt.ijt_12_19

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Background: Female Androgenetic Alopecia (FAGA) is one of the most common cause of diffuse scalp hair loss in women. FAGA is insidious in onset, gradually progressive, non scarring alopecia. Trichoscopy is a newly developed non invasive, objective, bed side analytical method of hair imaging based on video dermoscopy of scalp. The objective of this study is to study the clinical features of female androgenetic alopecia, to study the trichoscopic features in patients of female androgenetic alopecia and to correlate the trichoscopic features according to clinical grade of female androgenetic alopecia. Methods: Study enrolled 50 females with FAGA and 50 normal females. FAGA cases were divided into subgroups according to sinclair scale. Laboratory investigations including hemoglobin level, triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and serum ferritin level were carried out in both cases and controls. After clinical diagnosis, trichoscopic examination was done and categorised using Diagnostic Criteria set by Rakowska A. et al and trichoscopic findings were coorelated with clinical grades. Results: >4 yellow dots in frontal area , >2:1 ratio of single hair units (frontal: occiput) & >3:1 ratio of hair with perifollicular discoloration (frontal: occiput) are mainly seen in late stages of FAGA i.e. grade 4 & 5 and >1.5:1 ratio of vellus hairs (frontal :occiput) in early stages i.e. grade 2 & 3 while lower mean hair thickness in frontal area & > 10% thin hairs in frontal area are seen in all stages of FAGA Conclusion: Trichoscopy not only confirms the diagnosis by assessing the trichoscopic features of FAGA but also coorelates them with clinical severity. And as the age increases, grade of clinical severity increases. Not necessarily hemoglobin, thyroid and serum ferritin levels will be dearranged in FAGA cases. Limitation: The study is done on few number of patients. Further studies needs to be done to validate results.

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