International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 265-270

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Various Topical Treatment Modalities for Alopecia Areata

Department of Dermatology, STD and Leprosy, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College, Pune, India

Correspondence Address:
Vidyadhar R Sardesai
102 - Alliance Nakshatra, 48 - Tulshibagwale Colony, Sahakarnagar No. 2, Pune - 411 009, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0974-7753.111223

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Context: Alopecia Areata (AA) is a common form of non-scarring hair disorder of unclear etiology. The disease may have serious psychological effect. Aims: The objective is to assess the therapeutic effect and side effects of various topical modalities for the treatment of AA. Settings and Design: Open, randomized, comparative study. Materials and Methods: For this study, 30 patients were included of all age groups and both sexes having localized (<5 patches and <25% scalp involvement) alopecia, with no underlying disease or family history, and who had not received any treatment before. They were treated sequentially with 5 different combination regimes for 3 months. The response was assessed subjectively as well as objectively by the "Severity of Alopecia Tool Score". Statistical Analysis: Chi-square test. Results: Out of the 5 modalities studied, the Intralesional and Topical Steroids were the most effective with no significant side effects. Conclusions: Among the various topical modalities used for the treatment of AA, the most effective are the Intralesional and Topical steroids with no significant side-effects.

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