International Journal of Trichology

CLINICAL CHALLENGE
Year
: 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 285--286

Itchy Black Hair Bristles on Back


Rameshwar M Gutte 
 Department of Dermatology, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani Hospital, Powai, Mumbai, India

Correspondence Address:
Rameshwar M Gutte
Department of Dermatology, OPD No. 112, 1st Floor, Dr. L. H. Hiranandani Hospital, Powai, Mumbai - 400 076
India




How to cite this article:
Gutte RM. Itchy Black Hair Bristles on Back.Int J Trichol 2012;4:285-286


How to cite this URL:
Gutte RM. Itchy Black Hair Bristles on Back. Int J Trichol [serial online] 2012 [cited 2020 Aug 7 ];4:285-286
Available from: http://www.ijtrichology.com/text.asp?2012/4/4/285/111210


Full Text

 Introduction



A 27-year-old male presented with gradually erupting itchy black hair bristles on inter-scapular region for the past 6 months. His past medical or family history was unremarkable. Hairs could be plucked easily by his friend without any discomfort to him. Examination revealed multiple follicular blackish hair bristles, the size of pinheads (0.5-1 mm) on inter-scapular region [Figure 1]. Few large size bristles were plucked for trichogram [Figure 2] and [Figure 3]. However, patient denied skin biopsy.{Figure 1}{Figure 2}{Figure 3}

 What is your diagnosis?



Answer

Trichostasis spinulosa (TS).

 Discussion



TS is a common but an often unrecognized disorder of the pilosebaceous unit. It results from follicular hyperkeratosis of a dilated vellus hair follicle leading to retention of successive telogen hairs. Number of retained hairs may range from 5 to 60. Both sexes are affected similarly. [1],[2]

The etiology of TS has aroused much speculation, including the role of congenital dysplasia of the hair follicles and external factors like dust, oils, ultraviolet light, heat, and irritants but exact etiology remains unknown. [1],[2] Recently, micro-organisms, in particular, Propionibacterium acne and Pityrosporum spp. are also claimed as one of the possible etiologic factors. [3] A case of TS attributed to application of clobetasole cream [4] and a case of terminal hair TS resulting from local application of minoxidil is reported. [5] Moreover a case of generalized TS in a chronic renal failure patient is also reported. [6]

The disorder was first recognized by the German dermatologist Felix Franke in 1901, who named it "Pinselhaar" (paintbrush hair). [2] In 1913, Noble first introduced the term "trichostasis spinulosa" when he reported six cases with spiky follicular papules due to vellus hair retention. [7]

Two variants of TS are believed to exist. The classical variant presents with a non-itchy, solitary lesion, especially on the nose, mimicking open comedone in the elderly. The other, pruritic variant manifests with multiple, itchy, follicular papules, mainly located on the trunk and arms in young adults. Inter-scapular region is affected commonly as in present case. Due to the location and lack of awareness about this variant, it is often mistaken for keratosis pilaris. [2]

Treatment of TS is often frustrating on to both patient and doctor, and disease often follows a chronic course. Emollients, hydroactive adhesive tapes, local keratolytics, local and oral retinoids, and several means of depilation are tried with variable success. But topical treatments do not offer permanent benefit. [1],[2] Permanent removal of the abnormal follicles using hair removal lasers may result in a definite cure. [8]

In conclusion, try to focus attention to pruritic variant of TS affecting inter-scapular region in young adult that often remains unrecognized. Moreover, importance of plucking few hairs for trichogram is demonstrated. We suggest "Mount the hair" should become the dictum similar to old dictum in dermatology "scrape the scale."

References

1Deshmukh SD, Anand M, Yadav GE, Joshi AR. Trichostasis spinulosa presenting as itchy papules in a young lady. Int J Trichology 2011;3:44-5.
2Strobos MA, Jonkman MF. Trichostasis spinulosa: Itchy follicular papules in young adults. Int J Dermatol 2002;41:643-6.
3Chung TA, Lee JB, Jang HS, Kwon KS, Oh CK. A clinical, microbiological, and histopathologic study of trichostasis spinulosa. J Dermatol 1998;25:697-702.
4Janjua SA, McKoy KC, Iftikhar N. Trichostasis spinulosa: Possible association with prolonged topical application of clobetasol propionate 0.05% cream. Int J Dermatol 2007;46:982-5.
5Navarini AA, Ziegler M, Kolm I, Weibel L, Huber C, Trüeb RM. Minoxidil-induced trichostasis spinulosa of terminal hair. Arch Dermatol 2010;146:1434-5.
6Sidwell RU, Francis N, Bunker CB. Diffuse trichostasis spinulosa in chronic renal failure. Clin Exp Dermatol 2006;31:86-8.
7Noble G. Trichostasis spinulosa. Arch Dermatol Syph 1913;114:611-27.
8Toosi S, Ehsani AH, Noormohammadpoor P, Esmaili N, Mirshams-Shahshahani M, Moineddin F. Treatment of trichostasis spinulosa with a 755-nm long-pulsed alexandrite laser. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2010;24:470-3.