International Journal of Trichology

LETTER TO EDITOR
Year
: 2011  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 132-

Trichology concern and the present nuclear accident crisis


Viroj Wiwanitkit 
 Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok, Thailand

Correspondence Address:
Viroj Wiwanitkit
Wiwanitkit House, Bangkhae, Bangkok
Thailand




How to cite this article:
Wiwanitkit V. Trichology concern and the present nuclear accident crisis.Int J Trichol 2011;3:132-132


How to cite this URL:
Wiwanitkit V. Trichology concern and the present nuclear accident crisis. Int J Trichol [serial online] 2011 [cited 2019 Dec 7 ];3:132-132
Available from: http://www.ijtrichology.com/text.asp?2011/3/2/132/90853


Full Text

Sir,

The side effect of the exposure to leaked nuclides from nuclear accident is documented. However, the specific issue in trichology is not well mentioned. Based on the previous famous Chernobyl nuclear crisis, there are some evidences. There is no doubt that exposure can result in the accumulation in the body and hair is an important site where the nuclides are accumulated. [1] Indeed, there are many reports on the accumulation in hairs of animal. However, few reports on the human beings are available. According to the study of Malenchenko et al., the detected level of plutonium in hair of exposed subjects is correlated with its content in the ribs. [1] Protasova et al. concluded that the content in hairs could be used as a biomarker for accumulation in the body. [2] Focusing on the quality of hair of the exposed subjects, the significant reduction of iron content was reported. [2] The problem of hair loss is an important concern in trichology. Hair loss can be seen in addition to other problems after exposure to the radionuclides. In a report on the cases with thyroid problem due to exposure in Chernobyl crisis, the hair loss can be seen in 68%. [3] The correlation between hair loss and impairment of immune status in exposed subjects is also mentioned. [4] Alopecia is classified as an important chronic disorder frequently seen after exposure to ionizing radiation from nuclear crisis. [5] The proper management is required; however, there is limited knowledge on this issue. The trichology concern in the present nuclear accident crisis is important.

References

1Malenchenko AF, Bazhanova NN, Kanash NV, Zhuk IV, Lomonosova EM, Bulyga SF. Contents of plutonium and microelements in the hair of Belarus inhabitants living in the areas contaminated during the Chernobyl AES accident. Gig Sanit 1997;5:19-22.
2Protasova OV, Maksimova IA, Cheprasov VIu, Nikiforov AM. A long-term changes of macro- and micro element balance in blood serum, its ultrafiltrates and hairs after exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation. Izv Akad Nauk Ser Biol 2001;4:412-8.
3Bohrer T, Pasteur I, Lyutkevych O, Fleischmann P, Tronko M. Permanent hypoparathyroidism due to thyroid cancer surgical procedures in patients exposed to radiation in the Chernobyl, Ukraine, nuclear reactor accident. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 2005;130:2501-6.
4Oradovskaia IV, Fadeeva ID, Ul'ianova NV, Nikonova MF, Litvina MM, Lavdovskaia MV, et al. Immune status of adult population of the Bryansk region living in territory polluted by radionuclides. Radiats Biol Radioecol 1995;35:83-95.
5Peter RU, Braun-Falco O, Birioukov A, Hacker N, Kerscher M, Peterseim U, et al. Chronic cutaneous damage after accidental exposure to ionizing radiation: The Chernobyl experience. J Am Acad Dermatol 1994;30:719-23.