International Journal of Trichology International Journal of Trichology
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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2012  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 64-68

Pressure alopecia


Betsi Cadwaladr University Health Board, Denbighshire, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
Kate E Davies
Department of Dermatology, Ysbyty Glan Clwyd, Denbighshire, LL18 5UJ
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0974-7753.96901

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Postoperative or pressure alopecia (PA) is an infrequently reported group of scarring and non-scarring alopecias. It has been reported after immobilization of the head during surgery and following prolonged stays on intensive care units, and may be analogous to a healed pressure ulcer. This review presents a summary of cases published in pediatrics and after cardiac, gynecological, abdominal and facial surgeries. PA may manifest as swelling, tenderness, and ulceration of the scalp in the first few postoperative days; in other cases, the alopecia may be the presenting feature with a history of scalp immobilization in the previous four weeks. The condition may cause considerable psychological distress in the long term. Regular head turning schedules and vigilance for the condition should be used as prophylaxis to prevent permanent alopecia. A multi-center study in high-risk patients would be beneficial to shed further light on the etiology of the condition.


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